Glasgow Standard Tram

Preserving Glasgow Tram No.488

It's history and restoration progress in the UK

Horse tram services started 19 August 1872
Electric traction from 13 October 1898 until 4 September 1962
Tramway abandonment's started in 1926, with major route closures from 1956 onwards
Trolleybuses introduced 3 April 1949 - Abandoned 27 May 1967


Tour Guide

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About this page

This web page collates together information on all the trams from Glasgow that entered into preservation and gives a potted history of each tram.

All cars stop here

Additional exhibits not
featured on the main panel

Horse car 543 displayed at the Riverside Museum, Glasgow
www.glasgowlife.org.uk

The Fairfield Electric Locomotive survives at the Scottish Railway museum in Bo'ness
srpsmuseum.org.uk


Thank You

With many thanks for help in preparing this page given to:
    Ray Maidstone
    Terry Russell
    Brent Higham

We would welcome any observation or comment, together with additions, to the material on this page. Please email: info@cyberpictures.net with your input.


Bibliography

'The Glasgow Tramcar' by Ian Stewart. Published by Scottish Tramway and Transport Society.   Dated 1994

'Crich Rolling Stock Handbook by John Senior and Ian Stewart. Published by Venture Publications Ltd.   Dated 2007

British Trams Online website.
www.britishtramsonline.co.uk

information Technical Information has been extracted from the
Railway Heritage Register
tramsurvey@
www.vintagecarriagestrust.org


Photographers

   - 672 -
   - 1017 -
   - 1068 -
   - 22 -
   - 488 - Ray Maidstone
   - 585 -
   - 779 -
   - 812 -
   - 1088 -
   - 1089 -
   - 1100 - Graham Feakins
   - 1115 - Richard Lomas
   - 1173 -
   - 1245 - Alasdair MacCaluim
   - 1274 - Frederick Maloney
   - 1282 -
   - 1297 -
   - 1392 -
   - 1055 - Peter Golds
   - Fairfield - See picture caption


Former Tram Depots

This web page has all the details:
glasgowtransport.co.uk


Museum Information

Riverside Museum
[Glasgow Transport Museum]

100 Pointhouse Place, Glasgow, G3 8RS
0141 287 2720
www.glasgowlife.org.uk
museums@glasgowlife.org.uk

Summerlee Museum
Heritage Way
Coatbridge, ML5 1QD
01236 638353
www.monklands.co.uk

Crich Tramway Village
Matlock, Derbyshire, DE4 5DP
01773 854321
www.tramway.co.uk

AMTUIR - Urban Transport Museum
163 Boulevard Charles de Gaulle
92700 Colombes
France
+33 1 42 42 43 96
amtuir@amtuir.org

Science Museum
Exhibition Road
South Kensington
Greater London SW7 2DD
0870 870 4868
www.sciencemuseum.org.uk

Seashore Trolley Museum
195 Log Cabin Road
Kennebunkport, ME
United States
+1 207-967-2800
www.trolleymuseum.org

Glasgow Vintage Vehicle Trust
[Glasgow Bus Museum]

Fordneuk Street
Glasgow, G40 2TA
0141 554 0544
www.gvvt.org


Route Indicator Colour Scheme

The exterior panels between the trams' lower and upper deck windows were painted in one of five colours; white, red, green, blue or yellow.

The actual colour was related to the tram's normal route. This colour normative system was somewhat inflexible making a standard livery very desirable.

So in 1938, and with illiteracy very much in the decline, service numbers, already in use throughout the bus fleet, were introduced for the trams with the different colour bands replaced with a universal standard light green.

The number of trams in service at that time meant this program of repainting took until 1953 to complete!


Full Size Pictures Available

Throughout this site you can click on most thumbnails to view the picture in a larger format.

Return to the web site using the hyperlink in the bottom right hand corner or click on the enlarged picture to view the next one.

The Windows operating system allows you to go into full screen mode, just initially press F11 on your keyboard.

Preserved Electric Trams from Glasgow

Room and Kitchen Type Tram
672 Glasgow Transport Museum information
Glasgow's first purpose-built electric trams were 20 single deck vehicles with a central entrance and entered service in 1898. They were not successful and were all withdrawn just 8 years later from passenger service.
#672 was converted to mains testing works car #3. Finally withdrawn in 1953, its significance as the last remaining 'Room and Kitchen' tram was recognized and therefore stored in Dalmarnock Depot before being restored to 'as built' condition. The four 30hp motors used for mains testing work were not removed. Now at the Riverside Museum, Glasgow. Glasgow Tram 672
  Type: Room & Kitchen   Entered Service: 18/10/1898   Period Represented: 1898
The tram type name derives from the fact that it was split into two separate parts like many dwellings of the same period.
Ex Paisley and District Trams
1016 Glasgow Vintage Vehicle Trust
[Glasgow Bus Museum]
information
Built as an open-topper but eventually taking on the appearance of 'Standard' cars like this sketch of 1066 except it has hex-dash.

This body of ex-Paisley car No.16 was rescued from a location in Braidwood, Lanarkshire 30 years ago.
The body shell was stored at Summerlee Museum but is now at the Glasgow Bus Museum receiving attention. A truck has been acquired for the car. Being a long term substantial restoration project, it can't really be currently regarded as being preserved. Glasgow Tram 1016
  Type: Standard 'hex-dash' - Nothing more known.
More pictures of preservation progress at Alex Cunningham's photo stream.
1017 Summerlee Museum information
Glasgow purchased the Paisley District Tramways Company in 1923 and inherited its fleet. They were numbered into the Glasgow system by adding 1000 to their Paisley number. Older cars were cut down to single deckers and the remainder upgraded as look-alike Standard cars.
The museum has the only operational tramway in Scotland with their resident fleet of four trams occasionally supplemented with visiting tramcars. #1017 has been restored as a single decker as found in its later working life. Glasgow Tram 1017
  Type: Open Topper - Rebuilt in 2002 as an Enclosed Single Decker   Entered Service: 8/1923   Period Represented: c1930
Prior to being rebuilt, the body was used by the STMS to hold meetings at Cambuslang.
1068 National Tramway Museum information
Ex-Paisley car 68. Based on the LCC 'M' class minus top cover, went into service 1919, a basic style, taken over by Glasgow Corporation 1923 and modernised to bring up to the specification of the Standards [like 22 and 812]. Essentially feature a London lower deck with a Glasgow top.
This class scrapped in 1949 but Scottish Tramway Museum Society intervened to have 1068, later arriving at Crich. Preserved as the original Paisley 68. Operated at Glasgow Garden Festival in 1988; widely used on posters advertising the event including on the London Underground. Ex-Paisley tramcar 68
  Type: Standard 'round-dash', Open ended   Entered Service: ?   Route Colour: Blue   Period Represented: ?
1068 preserved as Paisley 68 for many years but was repainted in 2012 in Glasgow livery as part of the anniversary marking 50 years since the end of Glasgow trams. Has recently visited Beamish as part of the celebrations to mark 40 years of tramway operation at the museum.
Glasgow 'Standard' Trams
22 National Tramway Museum information
A second choice for preservation following the Dalmarnock depot fire of 1961, 22 was at Maryhill depot being used for shunting duties. It was restored prior to entering preservation as an open top phase III Standard, repainted in white route livery, one of the first 'restored' cars to appear at Crich.
Has received several major overhauls over the years in preservation. Ran faultlessly for 152 days intensive operation at the Glasgow Garden Festival in 1988, covering over 4,000 miles and returned back into service at Crich unscathed. Glasgow Tram 22
  Type: Standard 'hex-dash', Open Balcony   Entered Service: 19/6/1922   Route Colour: White   Period Represented: c1926
488 East Anglia Transport Museum information
The car has an historical significance being the last-ever traditional four-wheel British double-decker tram to carry ordinary fare-paying passengers which was from Burnside as route 18 ceased on 3 June 1961.

There was, however, an enthusiasts tour on the following day where a tour fee was paid.
Repatriated from the Paris Museum [France] in 2013, the 'caur' is currently in two halves at Boston Engineering Works [next to the Ffestiniog Railway] for extensive restoration by their skilled craftsmen. Ultimately, it will be reassembled for delivery to the East Anglia Transport Museum as an ex-works operating tram. Glasgow Tram 488
  Type: Standard 'round-dash', Enclosed   Entered Service: 19/9/1903   Route Colour: Green   Period Represented: c1961
585 Science Museum information
Used for a short while with experimentation rubber mounts instead of coil springs. Similar to 488, including the same motors and controllers, but preserved in blue route livery. In its untouched condition for many years is probably in a dried out and crispy condition suitable just for visual reference.
The museum has a satellite storage site in Wroughton near Swindon. Based on a WWII airfield, and reusing the hangars, it stores all manner of historically important artefacts including Glasgow tram 585. Normally only open to the general public on two or three weekends a year. Glasgow Tram 585
  Type: Standard 'round-dash', Enclosed   Entered Service: 18/5/1901   Route Colour: Blue   Period Represented: c1937

A picture of 585 on the streets of Glasgow but intriguingly has 'Reserved' showing in the destination box with no passengeron board.

Number 585 was privately purchased in 1961 with the intention that it would be part of a planned tramway museum at Middleton [Leeds] but, by the time it was due to depart Glasgow, events had moved on and it became clear that the site in Leeds was not an especially safe haven for tramcars. Thus, 585 was instead presented to the Science Museum and departed for a new life in London in November 1962.

After spending many years exhibited in a prominent position within the Science Museum, the tram was moved to the satellite storage facility at Wroughton in 2000 where it has endured a less than high profile existence. It is understood that it is currently off-limits to the general public although accessible to researchers by special appointment.
779 Glasgow Transport Museum information
Upgraded to be totally enclosed by the 1930s.
Preserved in 1910 condition [Phase II] with open balcony top deck/open driving platforms. Glasgow Tram 779
  Type: Standard 'round-dash', Open ended   Entered Service: 14/4/1900   Route Colour: Red   Period Represented: c1908
812 National Tramway Museum information
As one of the early 'Standards', bodywork was never designed to cope with the top cover/enclosed vestibules it latterly acquired, nor the high service speeds and rapid braking achieved in latter life.
Preserved in 1930s condition with yellow route livery. Glasgow Tram 812
  Type: Standard 'round-dash', Enclosed   Entered Service: 7/7/1900   Route Colour: Yellow   Period Represented: ?
1088 Glasgow Transport Museum information
Built as open-balcony car. Totally enclosed in 1933.
  Glasgow Tram 1088
  Type: Standard 'hex-dash', Enclosed   Entered Service: ?   Route Colour: Blue   Period Represented: c1930
Experimental Single Deck Pullman Car
1089 Glasgow Transport Museum information
An experimental Pullman single-decker of 1926 generally known as "Baillie Burt's Car". It was intended for inter-urban services but was found to have slow loading due to the narrow entrance and exit and was later confined for most of its life on the Clydebank to Duntocher service but ended its days as a crush-load shipyard extra.
Withdrawn in 1961, the car was stored at Partick for nearly a year, to be hastily repainted for its participation in the closing procession on 4 September 1962. Glasgow Tram 1089
  Type: Single Deck Bogie   Entered Service: 14/8/1926   Period Represented: c1949
Kilmarnock Bogie Trams
1100 National Tramway Museum information
Used for various experimental work [1930-1943] including operation with Brill 61E1 bogies instead of those by the Kilmarnock Engineering Company. Wartime reversion to original bogies and streamlined ends fitted together with electro-pneumatic remote control. As a one-off car it tended to be used on shipyard extras.
The car is now in the TMS Clay Cross store.

Trams Today recently featured 1100 with significant information on its journey into preservation. The article has been extracted to feature on this web site on this page.
Glasgow Tram 1100
  Type: Modified Kilmarnock Bogie   Entered Service: 22/11/1928   Route Colour: Green   Period Represented: Post 1956
1115 National Tramway Museum information
The Tramcar Sponsorship Organisation was instrumental in securing this car for the Tramway Museum Society in 1961.
This car was especially extracted from the Crich Exhibition Hall for a role in the major event to commemorate 50 years since the closure of the Glasgow tram system in 2012. Its appearance on the depot fan provided a photographic backdrop for visiting enthusiasts to the event. Glasgow Tram 1115 operating at Crich
  Type: Kilmarnock Bogie   Entered Service: 28/1/1929   Route Colour: Red   Period Represented: ?
Coronation Trams
1173 Glasgow Transport Museum information
Not much has been said about 1173's past to report on, only found a picture of it in the last day procession.
This tram was not originally included as part of the display when Riverside opened in 2012 but received limited refurbishment work during its time off display. It is planned that the car will remain on display permanently now it is there. Glasgow Tram 1173
  Type: Coronation Mark 1   Entered Service: 2/5/1939   Route Colour: Green   Period Represented: c1938
1245 Summerlee Museum information
The traction current for Glasgow's trams was maintained until 13 February 1963 when 1245 pulled 1274 into Albert Drive and shunted itself and 1274 back into lye of the Coplawhill Erecting Shop, after which the 550 volt traction current supply was switched off for good. Thus Coronation 1245 was the last Glasgow tramcar to move within its own city under its own power.
This tram has led a nomadic existence following withdrawal [1962] with stints at the East Anglia Transport Museum [1969-1998] and Blackpool Transport's Rigby Road depot [1998-2003]. The Summerlee Museum gained ownership in 2003 with restoration really only starting in 2013. It will be a long haul back into passenger carrying service. Glasgow Tram 1245 in Summerlee Museum's workshops
  Type: Coronation Mark 1   Entered Service: 29/5/1939   Route Colour: Green   Period Represented: Post 1958
1274 Seashore Trolley Museum information
Donated by GCT to the Seashore Museum, Kennebunkport, Maine, USA. Loaded aboard the SS American Scientist at Stobcross Quay bound for Boston Harbour in the summer of 1963.
Kept under cover but unlikely to run at Kennebunkport as it would need re-gauging and the wheels re-profiled to American standards which is not possible due to a lack of space in the trucks. Current condition said to be very poor. Glasgow Tram 1274 at Seashore Trolley Museum
  Type: Coronation Mark 1   Entered Service: 6/1/1940   Route Colour: Green   Period Represented: Post 1958
1282 National Tramway Museum information
One of a new fleet of double-deck bogie cars commissioned in the mid 1930s due to the Empire Exhibition that was held in Glasgow in 1938. These were luxury vehicles with an impressive and opulent finish. In late 1962, was given 1269's re-gauged bogies [ex 1177] and the Art Deco lighting removed.
Purchased by the Scottish Tramway Museum Society [STMS] in 1963. Was found to be heavily corroded at its initial overhaul. Underwent a major rebuild. Currently has corrosion in the underframe. STMS have launched an appeal for £150,000 to restore this tram to working order. Glasgow Tram 1282 at Crich
  Type: Coronation Mark 1   Entered Service: 5/3/1940   Route Colour: Green   Period Represented: Post 1953
Poignantly, it was part of the closing procession [11th of 20] in 1962. Had a special one-off outing for the 50th anniversary of the closure of the Glasgow system in September 2012. Currently described as being in a 'delicate' condition.
Mark II Coronation, aka 'Cunarder' cars
1297 National Tramway Museum information
These cars started to appear late in 1948 and were intended to improve upon the pre-war Coronation cars, but in reality were of inferior quality.
1297 went to Blackpool for the 1985 Centenary Celebrations and also operated at the Glasgow Garden Festival three years later. Has seen many years regular use at Crich, often as part of the 'Ultimate Driving Experience' initiative but now confined to the Exhibition Hall at Crich. Glasgow Tram 1297 at Crich
  Type: Coronation Mark II   Entered Service: 31/12/1948   Route Colour: Green   Period Represented: Post 1959
1392 Glasgow Transport Museum information
The last all new double deck car built in the UK.
'Cunarder' Tramcar of 1952.
  Glasgow Tram 1392
  Type: Coronation Mark II   Entered Service: 18/2/1952   Route Colour: Green   Period Represented: Post 1958
"Green Goddess"
1055 National Tramway Museum Technical Information
The Corporation purchased 46 Bogie Streamliners ["Green Goddesses"] from Liverpool in 1953/54 and a few were still running in 1960. Despite its age, 1055 was judged by Coplawhill Works staff to be in the best condition for preservation and it had also retained many key Liverpool features.
The Liverpool University Public Transport Society were instrumental in acquiring this tram and its purchase ultimately lead to the formation of the Merseyside Tramway Preservation Society to become the owner. To this day LUPTS members make a yearly pilgrimage to ride on this tram. Glasgow 1055/Liverpool 869
  Reverted back to its original Liverpool livery in preservation.
Tramway Works Cars
1 National Tramway Museum Technical Information
Purpose built works car, used for laying underground, and recovering, feeder cables.
Currently stored at Clay Cross and in fairly good condition. Sheeted over. Glasgow Works Car No.1
21 National Tramway Museum Technical Information
Origin uncertain but probably constructed out of parts from former 'Room and Kitchen' trams. As a works car, normally used as a tool van.
On arrival at Crich in 1963, 21 was used as the museum's first bookshop.
Now stored under cover at Clay Cross but in poor condition.
Glasgow Works Care No.21

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